6 December 2004
MORGAN, John (1735-1789). A Discourse upon the Institution of Medical Schools in America ... With a Preface Containing ... the Author's Apology for attempting to introduce the regular mode of practicing Physic in Philadelphia. Philadelphia: William Bradford, 1765.
8o (185 x 115 mm). (Last line on λ1r misprinted with some letters uninked, some browning and spotting.) Modern brown morocco. Provenance: Jonathan Smith (signature in ink on title); R.C. Davis (gift inscription in pencil on flyleaf from F.L. Drur?); Robert Coulton Davis (bookplate).
FIRST EDITION OF THE FIRST AMERICAN PUBLICATION ON MEDICAL EDUCATION. Morgan was born in Philadelphia, graduated from the College of Pennsylvania in the first class in 1757, then served as surgeon with provincial troops in the French and Indian War. A course of study in London, at the University of Edinburgh and in Italy under Morgagni followed. Upon his return to America, Morgan proposed the establishment of a medical school at the College of Philadelphia (now the University of Pennsylvania). His proposal was adopted on May 3, and the present proposal is the text of Morgan's commencement address: "an elaborate exposition of the nature and scope of medical science, its conditions in America, obstacles in the way of medical study, and reasons for the establishment of medical schools" (DAB). During the Revolutionary War Morgan was appointed by Congress as director-general of hospitals and physician-in-chief of the Continental Army, but because of internal dissension, he was removed by Congress in 1777. Depsite praise from Washington, Morgan considered himself disgraced. He retired to private practice and his post at the Pennsylvania Hospital. Austin 1335; Cushing M510; Evans 10082; Garrison-Morton 1766.500; Guerra a-367; Heirs of Hippocrates 1019; Norman 1549; Osler 3454; Sabin 50650.
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