Together 3 pages, 4to." />
14 June 2006
PROPERTY FROM A PROMINENT AMERICAN LIBRARY
NAPOLEON BONAPARTE (1769-1821). Two letters signed ("Napol" and "Np") to Prince Eugen, Bordeaux, 6 April 1808 and Paris, 20 February 1809. Together 3 pages, 4to.
BATTLING WITH THE VATICAN. In the first letter Napoleon expresses his approval at the reduction in civilian and military hospital charges, then makes some scathing comments about the Papacy. He calls Pius VII's joy at the arrival of a courier "as ridiculous as everything else he does in Rome," and thinks the entire court at Rome is composed of wretches." He is only too glad to grant a passport for the Cardinal Legate at Bordeaux, having no more need of him, and expresses astonishment at the dissipation of the temporal power of the Vatican. He adds instructions to his stepson to nominate officials who are familiar with administration and used to fighting priests. The Pope returned Napoleon's contempt in equal measure, and soon excommunicated Bonaparte for his seizure of Rome and the Papal states. Napoleon had him arrested and detained for two years at Fontainbleu. In the second letter he discusses problems in Istria and advises Eugen that the Royal Battalion should be sent to Venice. (2)
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