Gagne de Pérrigny was a prominent Dijonnais family that held important offices in Burgundy throughout the 17th and 18th centuries. The present work has traditionally been identified as a portrait of Jeanne Claude Bernardine Gagne de Pérrigny, but the subject was an infant in 1710-15, the probable date that the portrait was painted.
Georges Pascal records a painting of 'Madame B. de Pérrigny' of approximately the same size as the present canvas, as well as other portraits of members of the Gagne de Pérrigny family all of which follow the same size and format. (op. cit., nos. 109-110, pls. VIII and IX).
The present work will be included by Dominique Brême in his forthcoming catalogue raisonné of the work of Nicolas de Largillière.