Charles-Edward Stuart, called "Bonnie Prince Charlie", the "Young Pretender", or "Count of Albany", 1720-1788, son of the "Old Pretender" James-Edward Stuart (see lot 133) and his wife Maria-Clementina Sobieska. A great-son of the exiled King James II, he tried to reconquer the throne of Great-Britain in 1745, but his troops were defeated at Culloden in 1746. At an advanced age, he married young Princess Louise of Stolberg who abandoned him very shortly after in favour of the poet Alfieri.
Liotard arrived in Rome during Easter of 1736 and executed several portraits of the exiled Stuart family who had settled in Rome some years before. Other portraits of Bonnie Prince Charlie by Liotard are illustrated and discussed in Donald Nicholas, The portraits of Bonnie Prince Charlie, Maidstone 1973, p. 9 nrs B, C and F.