[PERRAULT, Claude (1613-1688), and Jean PICARD]. Memoir's for a Natural History of Animals. Containing the anatomical descriptions of several creatures dissected by the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris. Englished by Alexander Pitfeild... London: printed by Joseph Streater, to be sold by T. Basset, J. Robinson and others, 1688.
2 parts in one volume, 2° (297 x 200mm). Title in red and black. Etched additional title and 35 plates, 30 of animals. Contemporary red morocco gilt, covers panelled in gilt with double fillet outer border, the inner panel bordered by a decorative roll, flanked by a double fillet and an intermittent roll with cornerpieces composed from a drawer-handle tool and a stylised flower-spray tool, spine in seven compartments with raised bands with repeat decoration of an oval containing a small flower-head tool, with drawer-handle tools at each corner, gilt turn-ins, comb-marbled endpapers, g.e. (expertly rebacked with old spine laid down, neat repairs to corners, front pastedown with section of marbled paper torn away). Provenance: Alexander Pitfeild (translator, inscription on front free endpaper 'Ex Libris Alex: Pitfeild Anno Dom. 1688.' occasional neat corrections in ink to the text of the first part); Herbert McLean Evans (bookplate); Robert B. Honeyman (sale Sotheby's, 10 November 1980, lot 2456 sold for £400).
THE HERBERT MCLEAN EVANS/HONEYMAN COPY OF THE FIRST EDITION IN ENGLISH OF THIS 'IMPORTANT TEXT ON COMPARATIVE ANATOMY' (Garrison & Morton). THIS FINELY BOUND EXAMPLE IS THE TRANSLATOR'S COPY INSCRIBED BY HIM AND WITH HIS OCCASIONAL MANUSCRIPT CORRECTIONS. Alexander Pitfeild, the son of Sir Charles Pitfeild of Hoxton, was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1684 (he was proposed by his brother-in-law Richard Waller, the translator of the second part of the present work). An M.P. for Bridport from 1698 to 1708, Pitfeild also served on the council of the Royal Society and was treasurer from 1700 to 1728. Perrault was a naturalist who was also an early and active member of the French Academy of Sciences, and did much to promote the study of comparative anatomy during the seventeenth century. The second part is from the French of the eminent astronomer and mathematician Jean Picard. Cf. Cole 676; Nissen ZBI 3125; cf. Wing P-1582A (?variant title).