PETRUS LOMBARDUS (ca. 1100-1160). Sententiarum libri IV. With the commentary of Henricus de Gorichem, the Tituli quaestionum of Thomas Aquinas, and the Articuli in Anglia et Parisius condemnati. Basel: Nicolaus Kesler, 22 September 1488.
Chancery 2o (303 x 210 mm). Collation: a10 b-i8.6 k-p8.6 q-s6 t8(-t6, blank) A-P8.6 Qr6 R6 S8(6+1) T6 U8 (a1r title, a1v book I table, a3r book I text, k5v book II table, l2v book II text, t7r book III table, A1r book III text, G4v book IV table, G6r book IV text, Q6v printer's device, colophon, Qr1r table of quaestiones on the four books, R1r articles pronounced in error by English and Parisian faculties, S8v blank, T1r alphabetical table, U8 blank). 280 leaves. 55 lines and headline, double column, printed shoulder notes. Types: 5:280G (title), 1:180G (section incipits), 4:93 (content headings of sections), 2:82a (text), 6:64G (prolegomena to distinctions). 3- to 8-line initial spaces, most with printed guide-letters. Initials, paragraph marks, and capital strokes in first table in red. Woodcut calligraphic T on title, Kesler device [Weil 40] on Q6v. S6+1 not sewn with the quire but inserted as a fold tipped to the inner margin of S7 with the blank leaf excised. (Some worming slightly affecting text, first leaf torn with slight loss, occasional light staining.)
Binding: contemporary Augsburg binding of blind-tooled calf over unbevelled wooden boards, by Kyriss shop 80: Fächer frei: border of deer within a fence, central panel of lattice tool, compartments filled with pomegranate and leafy stamps, evidence of ten center- and cornerpiece bosses and two fore-edge clasps, evidence of chain staple at top of rear board, remains of early label on upper cover, old paper spine labels (somewhat worn and wormed, leather missing from corner and head of spine, without the clasps and bosses).
Provenance: Diessen, Augustinian canons of the Blessed Virgin Mary: title inscription (Monasterii B.V. in Diessen) -- Munich, Royal Library, duplicate: "Duplum" on inner front cover -- Graf Konrad Reuttner von Weyl: sale, Bloomsbury Book Auctions, 31 October 1985, lot 182 (to Lathrop Harper).
Peter Lombard's "On the Sentences" formed the basis for theological study in virtually every center of learning throughout Europe, extending well into the Renaissance. HC 10195*; BMC III, 766 (IB. 37609); BSB-Ink P-384; CIBN P-242; Harvard/Walsh 1213; Goff P-491.