This drawing was described in the Didot sale of 1825, just two years after the artist's death as 'l'Amour tenant une flèche. Derrière ce dessin, on voit, outre son portrait [that of Prud'hon], un enfant nu dessiné par lui, et il le retouchait encore peu avant sa mort'. The seated girl on the verso was used for the putto seated on the right of the panel of Le Génie des Plaisirs painted by Prud'hon for the Hôtel de Lannoy in Paris in 1798-1801. The panel was sold in Paris on 10 April 1992, lot 68.
Another self-portrait of the artist, in pen and ink, is in the Louvre, J. Laveissière, Prud'hon ou le rêve du bonheur, exhib. cat., Paris, Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais and elsewhere, 1997, no. 47. The recto is part of a group of allegorical drawings on love. A putto holding a torch is in the Baltimore Museum of Art and another with an arrow is in the Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, S. Laveissière, op. cit., no. 84 and fig. 85a.