PINDER, Ulrich (d. 1519?). Epiphanie medicorum. Speculum videndi urinas hominum. Clavis aperiendi portas pulsuum. Berillus discernendi causas & differentias febrium. [Nuremberg: Friedrich Peypus? for the author, 1506].
Chancery 4o (207 x 154 mm). Collation: s2 A-Z6 a-k6 l-m4 (m4 blank). 208 leaves. Roman types. Title flanked by 3 woodcut stars and small man-in-moon, on title verso a full-page circular woodcut of a physician demonstrating uroscopic analysis to a student, surrounded by a border of urine glasses with xylographic abbreviated captions of different diagnoses, table on facing page with the same urine glasses with full (unabbreviated) typographic captions; three small cuts at beginning of each part of a physician attending a patient in bed and performing the diagnostic procedure described in that section, several different small woodcuts of urine glasses repeated throughout part 1; THE UROSCOPIC CUT AND TABLE FULLY COLORED (AS INTENDED BY AND PRESUMABLY UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE AUTHOR/PUBLISHER), TO SHOW THE DIFFERENT SHADES OF URINE, title cuts and first small physician cut colored by the same contemporary hand. (Some browning in quire X, light dampstaining from quire g to the end.)
Binding: contemporary blind-tooled German sheep over wooden boards, sides panelled with fillets and a roll of small circles enclosing a variety of blossoms, a repeated round eagle(?) tool at center, framed by a 6-petalled flower on upper cover, title stamped at top of upper cover, repeated rosette tools on spine, pair of lettered brass fore-edge catchplates (lacking clasps), quire liners cut from a manuscript on vellum, lower compartment of spine painted red at a later date, with shelfmark (worn, head and tail of spine chipped).
Provenance: Wilten (near Innsbruck), Premonstratensians: inkstamp -- Otto Hupp (1859-1949), incunabulist: initials dated 1899 with sketch of a bird, presentation inscription to Hofrat Dr. Felix Schlagintweit, dated from Schleissheim, 17 May 1912 -- [Helmut Bolenz 1980]
FIRST EDITION, PRIVATELY PRINTED AT THE AUTHOR'S PRESS. A native of Nördlingen, Pinder practiced medicine there from 1484-1489, before becoming in turn physician to the Elector Frederick of Saxony, and, in 1493, physician to the City of Nuremberg. This diagnostic treatise for the use of physicians, divided into three sections treating uroscopy, analysis of the pulse, and the various types of fever, was printed on a press that Pinder had installed in his house in 1505, probably by his future son-in-law Friedrich Peypus, who printed at least 11 editions there between 1505 and 1513, mostly of Pinder's works. The types are those of the Printer of the Sodalitas Celtica, with whom Peypus may have learned printing. In 1515 Peypus moved the press -- apparently part of his wife's dowry -- to a new address; he remained active until 1534 (cf. Benzing pp. 332-333, nos. 12 and 15).
The volume also includes Gilles de Corbeil's Carmina de urinarum judiciis, but omits the epilogue found in Choulant's edition of that text. "Pinder's edition is not listed in Choulant's bibliography of printed editions of Gilles, and contains a number of variant readings not recorded by him" (Durling). Although the woodcut illustration and table of urines were intended to be colored, being not otherwise intelligible, colored copies are RARE.
This copy was owned by the graphic artist, heraldic expert, and incunabulist Otto Hupp, a pioneer of the close typographic study of incunables, and the first to suggest that the Missale speciale Constantiensis (now dated to the 1470s) might have been printed before the 42-line Bible. A FINE COPY. BM/STC German, p. 697; NLM/Durling 3652; Norman 236; Waller 7448; Wellcome 866.