9 June 2004
PROPERTY SOLD TO BENEFIT THE ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY*
PTOLEMAEUS, Claudius (ca 100-ca 178). Geographicae enarrationis libri octo. Vienna and Lyons: Gaspar Trechsel for Hugues de La Porte, 1541.
2o (410 x 282 mm). Letterpress title with large woodcut printer's device (portion of device abraded), 49 double-page maps and one single-page map, text with 4 large woodcut diagrams and 2 full-page woodcuts of a diagram and armillary sphere showing the projection of the winds by Albrecht Dürer (l4 verso), woodcut initials. (Worming throughout, affecting text and some maps, some occasional marginal dampstaining, double-page maps mounted on new guards, first and last leaves loose.) Early 20th-century vellum (broken).
The second edition of Ptolemy edited by Servetus. The work divides into three parts; the text, comprising the new Latin translation by the humanist Wilibald Pirckheimer (1470-1530), edited by Michael Villanovanus, known as Servetus (1511-1553); the maps, 27 depicting the ancient world and 22 of the modern world, with one map of Lotharingia; and the index. The maps are printed from unaltered blocks used in Lorenz Fries's edition printed by Grüninger in 1522 (the final map is captioned with this date and Fries's initials), in Grüninger's Strasbourg edition of 1525 and in the first Trechsel edition printed at Lyons in 1535.
Several of the maps in this edition, including that relating to the Holy Land, are printed without their descriptive text on the versos, indicative of the effect of Calvinism, which meant that many copies of the earlier editions were burnt on Calvin's orders. Michael Servetus, a Spanish theologian and physician, was burnt at the stake in 1553, condemned by Calvin for his doctrinal heresies. Adams P-226; Brunet IV:955; see Mortimer/Harvard French 450; Phillips Atlases 366; Sabin 66485.
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