PTOLEMAEUS, Claudius (2nd century) Ptolemaeus auctus restitutus emaculatus cum tabulis veteribus ac novis [Geographia]. Strassburg: Johann Schott, 1520.
2° (450 x 310mm). Latin Text. Elaborate woodcut title with decorative frieze enclosing central text panel, woodcut historiated initials, 4 diagrams in the text, one full-page, full-page woodcut colophon leaf, 47 woodcut maps, 45 double-page, 2 maps, those of Ceylon and the map of Lorraine printed in 3 colours, on single leaves, all on guards, with final blank. (Lacking leaf Aii, map of Asie Minoris torn along centre fold with one half of the map lacking, some light browning at folds and margins of a few maps.) Contemporary vellum-backed wooden boards, red edges (lightly rubbed, endpapers browned, ties lacking) Provenance: Michael Marstaller 1531, Advocate of Nuremberg (inscription on title) -- Christoph Marstaller (inscriptions in Latin and Greek on front and rear endpapers).
THE RARE 1520 SCHOTT EDITION OF PTOLEMY'S GEOGRAPHIA based on the outstanding work from 1506 to 1512 of Martin Waldseemüller and the team of geographers based at St Dié. This, the second edition of the first 'modern' atlas (the first appeared in 1513), combined two series of maps: 27 maps of ancient geography, based on the Ulm Ptolemy of 1482, together with an extra series of 20 modern maps based on the latest sources. These modern maps are an important record of the work of Waldseemüller, Ringman and the other geographers who were gathered together by the Duke of Lorraine in 1506 to create a new geography of the world. The Duke's death in 1508 left the task of publishing an atlas without a sponsor, until the two Strassburg lawyers Jacob Aeszler and Georg Übelin rescued the project, acquired the woodblocks, and used Johann Schott to print the work without reference to Waldseemüller. In terms of mapping no better assemblage of maps was issued until Ortelius's Theatrum in 1570. The geography includes many important maps -- for example, the map of America and the Lorraine map, one of the earliest colour-printed maps -- and the modern geography of many parts of the world was established in this work. Presumably interest in the new world in the 1520s encouraged Schott to reprint the Geographia, with a few amendments to the woodblocks, although seemingly in relatively small numbers. RARE: only 2 examples, both incomplete, are recorded at auction by ABPC since 1975 (6 copies of the 1513 edition are listed in this period). Adams P-2220; Phillips 366; Nordenskiold II, p.162.