RAINERIUS DE PISIS (d. ca. 1348). Pantheologia, sive Summa universae theologiae. Edited by Jacobus Florentinus. Nuremberg: Johann Sensenschmidt and Heinrich Kefer, 8 April 1473.
2 volumes, royal 2o (vol. I: 395 x 280 mm; vol. II: 417 x 280 mm). Collation: [(vol. I) 110 2-38 46; 5-1110; 12-1410 158 166; 17-1810 19-218; 22-2310 24-258; 26-2910 3012; 31-3410 35-3612; 37-3910 408 416; 42-4510 468 476; (vol. II) 48-6010 6112; 6210 6310(10+1); 64-7310 7412; 75-8910] ([vol. I] 1/1 blank, 1/2r table, 4/6 blank; 5/1r prologue, 11/10 blank; 12/1r baptismus, 16/6v blank; 17/1r caritas, 21/8 blank; 22/1r consensus; 26/1r decimae; 31/1r ebrietas, 36/12v blank; 37/1r fama; 42/1r iactantia; [vol. II] 48/1 blank, 48/2r Laus dei, 61/12v blank; 62/1r Passio; 64/1r Tercio aggravatur peccatum...; 75/1r Raptus, 89/7r colophon, 89/7v-89/10 blank). 862 leaves (of 865, without 4/6, 5/1, 89/8 blank). 57 lines, double column. Types: 1:114G (first words of principal headings), 2:98G (text). One- to fourteen-line initial spaces. Rubricated with red Lombard initials, some with reserved ornament, some with red-pen flourishing, red capital strokes, paragraph signs and underlines. On 58/6v and 62/3v the second column is blank. Three pinholes visible, one each in upper, outer and lower margins. (Stains to 11/1v-2r, 47/10, 72/8-10; printing flaw to 11/4v with two words overinked; minor foxing to last ca. 8 leaves of vol. I, first ca. 8 leaves of vol. II, a few unobtrusive smudges.)
Binding: [Vol. I] contemporary south-German pigskin over wooden boards (short tears to head- and tail-caps): blind-tooled with triple fillets to an overall saltire pattern within a narrow unornamented frame, the compartments filled on the front cover with a rosette (Wind St. Peter 169), on the back cover with a small lozenge-shaped floral stamp (Wind St. Peter 317), a small palmette marking the ends of the raised bands (Wind St. Peter 259), a Salzburg binding; evidence of two clasps; vellum sewing guards cut from a 14th-century manuscript. [Vol. II] contemporary south-German leather over wooden boards, preserving a number of deckle edges (slight wear, rebacked with spine laid down): blind-tooled with a triple fillet to an oblique pattern of rhomboid shapes, the intersections of the fillets marked with a small leafy tool (Wind St. Peter 33), the individual compartments edged with Kopfstempel and marked with curving double lines emanating from a central rosette forming a pattern of oak leaves in relief (Wind St. Peter 368), by ULRICH SCHREIER of Salzburg; evidence of two clasps; quatrefoil centerpiece bosses; eight brass cornerpieces of which two with ENGRAVED DATE 1478; original vellum label on front cover.
Provenance: Brother Gregory of Tuln, Franciscan of Salzburg, who was also the rubricator: inscription on 89/7r (Et per me fratrem Gregorium de Tulna ordinis minorum procurata rubricata atque perfecta Salzaburgis) -- titles lettered in contemporary Gothic textura script on tail-edges of both volumes, in a later hand on both fore-edges -- Salzburg, Franciscans: 17th-century inscription (Pro conventu F.F. Minorum Franciscanorum) at beginning of each volume -- Bolzano, Reformed Franciscans: engraved bookplates (Bibliotheca conventus Bulsanensis ad S. Franciscum ord. min. ref. prov. Tyrol.) -- Niels Hansen Christensen: sale, Sotheby Parke Bernet, 16 November 1976, lot 170.
FIRST EDITION of the theological summa of Dominican Raniero Giordani of Pisa, which was organized alphabetically as a dictionary of important theological concepts. Written ca. 1331 and influenced by the works of Thomas Aquinas, the work became popular in the fifteenth century, when seven editions were published. The present edition is the only book signed both by Johann Sensenschmidt and by his sometime partner Heinrich Kefer, who had worked with Gutenberg himself. The two printers also produced a prospectus for this edition (Goff S-443), in which they praised it as "a very corrected and most useful Summa".
The two volumes of this set, despite their different bindings, have belonged together from the beginning, as shown by the fact that they were rubricated by the same person, Gregory of Tuln, who signed his name at the end of volume II. The contemporary titles on the tail-edges were written by the same hand, and the brass catchplates have the same incised pattern. Volume I may have been bound at the Franciscan monastery in Salzburg, for which Gregory acquired it, possibly as early as 1472, since there is some indication that this volume was already on the market in that year (cf. a rubricator's date cited by E. Kyriss, Nrnburger Klostereinbände, Erlangen 1940, p. 25).
Volume II was bound by the great Austrian binder, Ulrich Schreier of Salzburg, who worked for Archbishop Bernhard von Rohr of Salzburg during the 1470s and for other patrons during and after this time. The style is characteristic of Schreier's most elegant and original work, in that the pattern covers the entire cover, the framework of the design is not aligned with the axis of the bookblock, and the use of Kopfstempel and blind lines gives each compartment an appearance resembling an oak leaf. Most of the bindings attributed to Schreier are in institutional collections in Salzburg or Vienna. Two particularly fine examples in North America belong to the Spencer Collection at the New York Public Library and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the latter on a Koberger Bible which once belonged to William Morris. SCHREIER BINDINGS IN FINE CONDITION ARE NOW OF CONSIDERABLE RARITY ON THE MARKET.
H 13015*; BMC II, 405 (IC. 7073); BSB-Ink. R-1; CIBN R-4; Pr 1959; Goff R-5. (2)