Ramnugur, near Bernares, on the River Ganges (Abbey 420 no.15; Archer I, pl.14)
Lucknow taken from the opposite Bank of the River Goomty (Abbey 420 no.93; Archer III, pl.17)
hand-coloured aquatints, March 1796, December 1802, [the first watermarked 'J.Wh[atman] 179[.]', the second watermarked 'J.Whatman'], on thin paper, small tears to paper edges, small unobtrusive repair to upper left plate margin of first plate, and to upper margin of second plate with faint vertical crease mark
P.518 x 674; 506 x 695mm.
5 December 1788: "Ramnagur is a fort built by Raja Balwunt Sing, and considerably improved by his son Cheyt Singh." Ramnagar had been the location of an earlier incident which nearly cost the lives of Warren Hastings and his party, among whom was the artist William Hodges.
July-October 1789: The Nawabs of Oudh were theoretically Governors of this province of the Mughal Empire but became virtually independent with the decline of Mughal authority. The region is one of the most fertile in India, and its capital Lucknow soon became a flourishing city. After his defeat at the battle of Buxar, resulting in the loss of some of his territories in favour of the British, Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula moved his capital in a more central location to Faizabad. After his death, his son, Asaf-ud-Daula, returned to Lucknow and it became the capital of Oudh once more. The Nawabs' Palace can be seen in the distance, together with an earlier mosque built by Aurangzeb. (2)