RAVISIUS TEXTOR, Johannes (editor, Jean Tixier de Ravisy 1480-1524). De memorabilibus et claris mulieribus: aliquot diversorum scriptorum opera. Paris: Simon de Colines, 8th November 1521.
Median 2o (320 x 210 mm). Roman type. Woodcut printer's device and white-on-black decorative initials. Mid-16th-century Parisian calf over pasteboard, blind-panelled sides, open floral tool at the outermost angles and another at the inner angles in gilt, Marx Fugger's device of a hand-held floral sprig surmounted with a bird gold-tooled in the center of both covers, manuscript longitudinal title on vellum strips mounted in compartments of the spine, (corners worn, spine-ends chipped, a few scratches).
Provenance: Marcus Fuggerus (binding device, ownership entry inside front cover) -- Princess von Oettingen-Wallerstein, by descent (not found in the Karl & Faber sales of 1933-35) -- Bought from Offenbacher 1955.
Tixier edited his texts on famous and learned women from Plutarch, Jacobus Bergomensis, Baptista Fulgosius, Johannes Pinus and, most importantly, included the life of Jeanne d'Arc by Valerandus Varanius. Bound in at the end is an imperfect copy (January only) of an unidentified Paris edition of a martyrology, Agones Martyrum.
Marx Fugger (1529-97) was the cousin of two other great book collectors, Ulrich and Johann Jakob Fugger, and the eldest son of the head of the great Augsburg banking family, Anton Fugger. He studied in Louvain, where he bought ready-bound books, and made extended visits to Paris in the 1540s and 50s, where he formed a considerable library and patronized binding ateliers, both for work of high luxury (notably the King's binder, Gommar Estienne) and for simpler commissions such as this Colines imprint. After his return to Augsburg he continued to collect books, but seems to have abandoned an organized binding programme. A significant portion of his library was dispersed by auction in the 1930s.