9 June 2004
Real ordenanza para el establecimiento é instruccion de intendentes de exèrcito y provinvia en el Virreinato de Buenos-Aires año de 1782. de orden de su magestad. Madrid: La Imprenta Real, [1782-3].
2o (269 x 184 mm). Engraved arms of Spain. (Old adhesion between V2-X1.) Later calf (joints a bit rubbed and weak). Provenance: V. de Pasquale? (inscription on title).
FIRST EDITION of this important document in the colonial history of Argentina. The viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata was created in 1776; the system and appointment of intendents was designed to provide more effective goverment and more conscientious administration to the region, hitherto neglected by Spanish authorities. Josef de Gálvez, Minister of the Indies, had been studying proposals since 1768; by early 1782 the plan was completed. The work was a formidable piece of legislation comprising 276 articles, 11 dealing with the intendent system as a whole, 41 with the system of justice, 18 with the department of general administration, 149 with the department of finance and 56 with the department of war. Copies were sent to the viceroy and superindendent in Buenos Aires in July, with orders that they should forward their opinions. Replies began to arrive in 1783, and 17 additional resolutions dated 5 August 1783, called Leyes de la Recopilacion de Indias..., were added. In November 1783, printed copies of the Real Ordenanza were dispatched to the viceroyalty. Palau 202982 (no collation); Sabin 68245 (not mentioning the last 67ff, 24 pp.).
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