REDFIELD, Anna Maria (1800-1888, née Treadwell). A General View of the Animal Kingdom. New York and Hartford, CT: E.B. and E.C. Kellogg, 1857.
1560 x 1560mm. Lithograph wall-chart by and after Redfield, dissected into 32 sections and laid down on linen, blue silk edging. (Lightly browned, small hole affecting image.) Modern cloth box.
A RARE, DIDACTIC ZOOLOGICAL WALL-CHART. Redfield's wall-chart is arranged in a systematic form: the four principal classifications of 'RADIATES', 'MOLLUSKS', 'ARTICULATES', and 'VERTEBRATES' are arrayed at the foot of the General View and diverge into their successive sub-classifications, illustrated with images of the species, their names, and brief notes (for example, 'Man alone can articulate sounds, and is capable of improving his faculties or advancing his condition'). The whole is framed by an elaborate border forming cartouches which enclose animal, birds, insects and other animals. Interestingly, the General View--published only two years before Darwin's On the Origin of Species--places chimpanzees adjacent to homo sapiens with the statement that 'These are about the size of man and the nearest approach to the human Family'. The following year, E.B. and E.C. Kellogg published a companion volume to the General View, Redfield's Zoölogical Science, or, Nature in Living Forms ... : Adapted to Elucidate the Chart of the Animal Kingdom by A.M. Redfield, and designed for the higher seminaries, common schools, libraries, and the family circle (New York: 1858, reprinted 1860 and 1865). Only one copy of the chart is recorded at auction since 1975.