Regimen Sanitatis, das ist von der ordnung der gesuntheit. Ulm: Conrad Dinckmut, 5 October 1482.
Chancery folio, 259 x 194mm. (10 3/16 x 7 5/8), early nineteenth-century half calf, leather slipcase (broken), worn, hinges splitting, spine defective, fol.  remargined (with loss to manuscript note on blank recto), old repairs to gutters of fols. [5-8] and , fol.  creased and with two holes affecting 8 letters, a few short marginal tears or repairs, first two leaves severely browned, soiling, a few marginal dampstains.
Collation: [1 (3+1) 2-4 5 ]. 41 leaves, without foliation or signatures. Contents: r blank, v-r: Register, v: full-page woodcut of two physicians, one holding a book, the other a urine flask, with a patient, r-v: text, v: colophon,  blank. Type: 1:118. 32 lines. Opening Maiblumen initial I (55 x 37 mm.), three-line Lombard initials printed in outline. Two-line impression of bearer type on fol. r.
EXTREMELY RARE EDITION of the most popular medieval medical handbook. Originally written in doggerel Latin verse, it is believed to have been produced between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries at the School of Salerno, the first great western secular medical school and the first European university. The text consists of a miscellaneous series of simple rules on diet and hygiene, undoubtedly compiled from earlier sources, and intended as much for lay readers as for members of the medical profession, although the original Latin Regimen was memorized by generations of physicians. Nearly 300 fifteenth- and sixteenth-century editions are known (many in one or two copies only), including translations into German, French, English, Irish, Provençal, Bohemian, and Hebrew. This edition is one of the earliest dated books from the press of Conrad Dinckmut.
The full-page woodcut of two physicians with a patient is a copy of the frontispiece to Johann Schönsperger's 1481 edition of the Regimen, itself derived from a cut that was first used in Johann Bämler's 1475, 1478 and 1481 editions of Conrad von Megenberg's Buch der Natur (see lot --).
H 13742; Klebs 828.8; Schramm VI p. 18; Schreiber 5061 (Schramm and Schreiber listing the same three copies); not in BMC, Polain or Pellechet; Goff R-51 (one copy).
Provenance: Contemporary notes in Latin and German on first blank page, occasional contemporary marginalia, trimmed by binder; Fanny Perry, 1872, inscription on front pastedown; Georg Kloss, bookplate; with: Otto Ranschburg, letter of offer, dated 19 November 1946, loosely inserted, sold to: Juan Carlos Ahumada, bookplate; the present owner.