REVOLUTIONARY WAR - SARATOGA CAMPAIGN]. LIVINGSTON, Philip, Signer (New York), James DUANE and William DUER. Letter jointly signed ("Phil. Livingston," "Jas Duane" and "Wm. Duer") to His Excellency Governor [George] Clinton, Philadelphia, 4 August 1777. 4 pages, 4to, apparently in the hand of James Duane, the second leaf neatly separated along one vertical fold (repairable).
BURGOYNE'S THREAT, THE FALL OF TICONDEROGA AND GATES'S APPOINTMENT. An exceptionally rich wartime report from three New York delegates to the Continental Congress, regarding the progress of Burgoyne's campaign, the loss of Fort Ticonderoga, the controversial appointment of General Horatio Gates (the same day as this letter) and the prospect of foreign aid. After congratulating Clinton on his "appointment to the Government of the State of New York," they report Congress has removed General Schuyler from command of the Northern Department, even though "whoever may be to blame for the Loss of Ticonderoga [on 5 July], it cannot be laid at his door...." Nevertheless, "the General is directed to join the main Army, and General Washington authorized to name a successor. The Eastern people are earnest for General [Horatio] Gates: he is their favorite...though there are objections which we apprehend must render him disagreeable to our State. We know not General Washington's sentiments except that he considers it a very delicate Business & was by no means of opinion that General Schuyler should be removed."
General St. Clair, former Ticonderoga commander, "has demanded a Court Martial...and an Enquiry is directed into the conduct of the General Officers who advised the surrender of Ticonderoga: but at General Washington's Instance they are to remain for the present in their commands...." Washington and "a Committee of Congress" have agreed that he is to "fix the numbers of militia necessary," to reinforce the northern army, and the states to be requisitioned "are earnestly exhorted by Congress to comply...without delay." The three New York delegates note that General Howe and a large body of troops have sailed from New York, though "his further destination can only be conjectured." In addition, "our commissioners at Paris [Franklin, Deane] and Madrid" report that "every circumstance is favorable. All Europe are represented as our friends except Great Britain & a few German princes," and "we have obtained a very considerable sum of money...and a large supply of arms, ammunition and goods...." Provenance: See note preceding 316.