RIEDERER, Friedrich (fl. 1493-99). Spiegel der wahren Rhetorik. Freiburg im Breisgau: Friedrich Riederer, 11th December 1493.
Chancery 2° (308 x 220mm). Collation: a8 b-s .s-v u w x-z A-B6 C10 D8 (a1r xylographic title Spiegel der waren Rhetoric. uss. M. Tulio. C. und andern getutscht, incorporating two angels supporting armorial shields and with the printer's woodcut device (repeated on recto of final leaf) attributed by Meder and others to the young Dürer, a1v full-page allegorical woodcut by Matthes Maler, a2r author's dedication to the rector of Freiburg University, a2v-k5r book I on the art of Rhetoric, k5v woodcut of Daedalus and Icarus (145 x 187mm) warning the student to fly neither too high nor too low, k6r-t5v book II on letter-writing, t6r-C10r book III on contracts, C10v blank), D1r table of contents, D8r printer's device, 8v blank). 188 leaves. 44 lines and headline. Type: 1:94G (German text), 2:140G (heading of table), 3:83G (Latin side-notes). Large calligraphic initial S, woodcut illustration as listed in the collation. (Wormed, affecting some text and cuts, somewhat stained.) Contemporary German blindstamped pigskin over wooden boards, single fore-edge clasps, ?17th-century pastedowns (rubbed, small wormholes filled, crack in spine, loss of leather at foot of spine). Provenance: Ittingen, Carthusian monastery (title inscription dated 1622).
FIRST EDITION of Riederer's work on rhetorical theory, partly derived from Cicero, Quintilian and Albertanus of Brescia; the third part is one of the first German books of law formulas. It is THE FIRST GERMAN VERNACULAR TEXT AND THE FIRST ILLUSTRATED BOOK PRINTED AT FREIBURG. The illustrations were designed for the text and there was no earlier use of the blocks. Vera Sack has found three variant settings in the first six quires of three copies at Freiburg libraries. H 13914; BMC III, 696 (IB. 14213); Schr 5096; Sack 3075-78; Davies Murray German 364; Goff R-197.