ROOSEVELT, Theodore, President. Photograph inscribed and signed ("Theodore Roosevelt") SHOWING HIS INAUGURATION in Washington, 4 May 1905, inscription dated 19 May 1905. 260 x 343 mm. (10 x 13), matted and glazed in a gilt-wood frame. A sepia-toned image by Underwood, showing the standing President, bare-headed, flanked by seated dignitaries; in the foreground several groups of soldiers, marines and naval officers in full dress, the colonnade of the Capital in the background. Darkly inscribed in ink in wide lower margin.
ROOSEVELT'S 1905 INAUGURATION, WITH A STIRRING POPULIST INSCRIPTION: "WE MUST TREAT EACH MAN ONLY ON HIS WORTH AS A MAN." A large, crisply detailed photograph which captures President Roosevelt in the act of delivering his inaugural address from the East Portico of the Capitol on 4 March 1905. Only two months later the President inscribed the photograph: "In a Republic such as ours the only safety is to stand neither for nor against any man because he is rich or because he is poor.....we must treat each man only on his worth as a man. We must see that each is given an equal deal."
Having assumed the Presidency following the assassination of William McKinley, Roosevelt was unanimously nominated a Republican candidate at the 1904 Republican convention in Chicago. Derided by his opposition as an "accidental president," the President-elect "embodied the overwhelming confidence of the nation as it entered a limitless new century -- the American Century." (Nathan Miller, Theodore Roosevelt, A Life, p.18) With his left hand on an open Bible, and a ring on his right hand containing strands of Abraham Lincoln's hair, Roosevelt was sworn in as President. From the podium, he spoke of the good fortune enjoyed by the American people and the duties and responsibilities stemming from this fortune, and concluded: "We must show, not merely in great crises, but in the everyday affairs of life, the qualities of practical intelligence, of courage, of hardihood, and endurance, and above all the power of devotion to a lofty ideal, which made great the men who founded this Republic in the days of Washington, which made great the men who preserved this Republic in the days of Abraham Lincoln." The ringing inscription on this photograph of the occasion has not been identified, but has a strong populist-Progressive flavor.