SALEMO, Episcopus Constantiensis (pseudo-). Glossae ex illustrissimis auctoribus collectae. [Augsburg: Monastery of SS. Ulrich and Afra, ca. 1474].
Royal 2o (402 x 268 mm). Collation: [112 2-1410 158 16-2810 298] blank, 1/2r preface and text, 24/9v blank,r part II). 288 leaves. 55 lines, double column. Type: 1:105R. 12-line woodcut white-vine capitals; spaces for 2-line initials and for one 13-line initial on. Printed paragraph marks. The first three initials (on 1/2r and 2/8r) colored in red, first page rubricated with capital strokes, at foot of 1/2r the illuminated arms of the Planta(?) family. Leaves 2/5 and 2/6 disjunct as usual (one or the other a cancel), the stubs preserved. Blind impression of bearer type (4 sorts) on. Unmarked slip of paper pasted in between the columns on 3/3. (Occasional light marginal dampstaining, heavier at end, slightly obscuring marginal annotation on 28/9; marginal tear to 26/4; ff. 15/2-7 and 27/2-9 supplied from a shorter, rubricated, unannotated, but equally fresh copy, the rubrication, consisting of slashes to the capitals and paragraph marks and foliation at top center of ff. 15/2-4 whited out [by a modern owner], occasionally affecting a letter.)
Binding: contemporary South-German alum-tawed white deerskin over wooden boards, upper cover with outer border of quadruple fillets, inner panel of intersecting double fillets forming a saltire design, square arabesque stamp in lateral borders repeated to form a continuous design, corner compartments with rhomboid heart stamp, central saltire decorated with repeated round Madonna and child and Resurrection stamps, small crown, rosette and fleur-de-lys tools, lower cover more simply tooled with fillets and Maria stamps, the tools not in Kyriss or Schwenke-Sammlung; pair of brass and leather fore-edge clasps, original vellum title label on front cover, later paper labels on spine (rubbed, spine torn and fragile, lacking headcaps, early repairs to clasps, one clasp defective); a few upper edges and one lower edge (24/7) untrimmed, the binding covers extra wide at fore-edges to accommodate OVER 60 FORE-EDGE TABS containing mistakenly cropped line ends of the marginal annotations (see below).
Provenance: Planta(?) family: illuminated coat-of-arms on 1/2r (identified in a later note) -- copious contemporary marginal and interlinear annotations containing additional glosses and references, in a small cursive hand in two different inks, including many pointing fingers and occasional brackets with human profiles (14/6r-v), some of the notes rubricated with capital strokes, a few index-notes or headings in a larger gothic script. Around 65 of the annotations having been erroneously cropped at the time of binding, the cropped pieces were painstakingly gathered up by the binder, cut out and mounted on tabs, and inserted in their respective places -- 19th-century manuscript title and effaced oval green inkstamp on first blank -- [Sotheby's London, 25 June 1987, lot 52, to Quaritch]
FIRST AND ONLY 15TH-CENTURY EDITION. A compendium of Latin glossaries in two sequential alphabets, based principally on the Liber glossarum and the Abavus maior, the text was widely copied from the 12th century in the southern German-speaking regions. Its misattribution to the 9th-century Bishop of Constance and Abbot of St. Gall dates from at least the 12th century; in the earliest manuscript known Solomon is cited, however, as the initiator of the work rather than its author (Verfasserlexikon2, 10:542-3). The British Library's second copy is bound in two volumes which were accidentally separated, leading Proctor to mistake the second volume for a separate edition of an anonymous Vocabularius Latinus (Pr. 1638). The striking and unusual set of woodcut capitals, first used in this edition, is thought to have been based on the initials in the St. Gall manuscript used as copy-text for the edition (cf. BMC, II, p. 338). Ludwig Hohenwang and following him Johann Bämler subsequently acquired the blocks.
This copy, with its preserved annotations, is a remarkable survival. The scholar who so carefully read and annotated the Glossae must have done so while the book was still in sheets or in a temporary binding. Presumably at his instructions, the binder meticulously salvaged and mounted the carelessly discarded line ends of his notes. Although surely not a unique solution to what must have been a common accident, delicately pasted-on paper tabs would rarely have survived the centuries. This copy is printed on paper with watermark 8-petalled flower or no watermark; the tabs show the original full sheet size to have been at least 402 x 576 mm., the width of the largest tab being 20 mm. The seven sheets that are supplied from a different copy seem to have been inserted at the time of binding, as there is no sign of later sewing and the text block remains attached to the original sewing supports.
HC 14134*; BMC II, 340 (IC. 5767-8); CIBN S-52; Harvard/Walsh 554; Curt Bühler, "Remarks on the Printing of the Augsburg edition (c. 1474) of Bishop Salomon's Glossae," in Homage to a Bookman: Essays on Manuscripts, Books and Printing written for H. P. Kraus (Berlin 1967), 133-35; Goff S-21.