SIR HENRY WILLIAM BAYNTUN (1766-1840)
A collection of nine letters and documents relating to Bayntun's service at Trafalgar and elsewhere, comprising:
Cuthbert, 1st Baron COLLINGWOOD (1750-1810). Two autograph letters signed and three documents signed to Bayntun, Euryalus (2) and Queen, 28 October - 7 November 1805, the documents countersigned by H.R. Cosway, three pages, 4to, in autograph, and three pages, folio, in a secretarial hand;
together with: letters to Bayntun from Admiral Thomas Louis, Canopus, 9 November 1805, and Captain Henry Digby, London, 10 January 1810;
an autograph manuscript by Bayntun, listing 'Actions in which I have been Engaged', 2 pages, 4to; and the blazoned armorial of Bayntun, showing the Bayntun arms flanked by a seaman, holding the anchor of the Leviathan, and a marine, the motto 'Tria Juncta in Uno', a scroll beneath marked 'Trafalgar', with a pencil annotation by Bayntun, 'When I have a Collar it should I believe be added to the above', one page, folio.
The first of the orders from Collingwood commands Bayntun on the Leviathan in the immediate aftermath of Trafalgar to destroy two rudderless Spanish prizes, and (in an autograph postscript) to report on all captured ships and on numbers of casualties; two days later a letter instructs him to offload French and Spanish wounded onto the 'flags of truce', together with 'such a number of healthy Spaniards as are necessary to their care and that a liberal number -- without pinching -- for the more you get clear of the better'. Further orders send Bayntun to Gibraltar to refit -- where he is also to dispatch all French prisoners and Spanish officers to England, the remaining Spaniards to be deposited on shore -- and command him on 11 November to return to England with 200 French prisoners 'victualling them at two thirds allowance'; the second letter from Collingwood forewarns him of this decision. The letter from Thomas Louis laments the death of Nelson, and his own ill-fortune in having missed Trafalgar; that of Henry Digby (who commanded the Africa at Trafalgar), prompted by his being passed over for the Order of the Bath, asks for Bayntun's testament to his conduct at the battle, including his capture of L'Intrepide.
Bayntun's list of 'Actions in which I have been Engaged' gives a brief summary of his actions in command of the Leviathan at Trafalgar: 'after Engaging (while passing through the Line) the Bucenteaur [sic] -- St Trinidada and others -- brought to action (separately) and captured the St Augustine of equal force, this had not been engaged with any other Ship'. Bayntun's attractive armorial curiously adopts the same phrase -- 'Tria Juncta in Uno' [three joined in one] -- which was used to describe the Nelson-Hamilton ménage a trois after the battle of the Nile. (9)