Alma-Tadema's letter to C. Vosmaer, May 1883, in C.J.G. Vosmaer, Alma-Tadema Catalogue Raisonée, unpublished MS, Leiden, circa 1885.
R. Dircks, 'The Later Works of Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema', Art Journal, Christmas Supplement, 1910, p. 31.
Connoisseur, CXCVIII, June 1978, p. 117, illustrated.
V.G. Swanson, The Biography and Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings of Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, 1990, pp. 288, no. 288, p. 416, illustrated.
Utah, Brigham Young University, The Unknown Alma-Tadema, February 1979, no. 28.