21 June 2005
SLAVERY, SECESSION AND THE CIVIL WAR
[SLAVE TRADE]. Manuscript document, headed "Sales of Part of the Sloop Apollo's Cargo," n.p., 22 July 1763 to 3 September 1763.
1 page, 4o (228 x 195mm). (A small hole, frayed at bottom of sheet affecting a few letters.)
A CHILLING RECORD OF THE TRANS-ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE. An early, very graphic record of the burgeoning Atlantic Slave Trade that by 1776 had forcibly tranported an estimated half a million Africans to the colonies. The record is neatly laid out by a clerk in column form, tabulating the human purchases of some 20 different buyers. Some of the buyers, like "Burgis & Gardner," or "Beans & Cuthbert" may well have been slave-trading firms. After each name is tallied the numbers of "men," "women," "boys, and "girls" purchased. None of the 63 persons sold are named, but in a column at the right are occasional descriptive notes: "very small," "with her young child," "in bad condn." In the farthest column on the right the total purchase prices are noted, ranging from £32 for 1 girl, described as "small," to some £400 paid by one Robert Crichton for 12 boys and girls. In toto, 13 men, 17 women, 6 boys and 17 girls were sold from the vessel's human cargo. It appears that the Apollo is the same as a vessel of that name that was wrecked in the West Indies in 1767. DOCUMENTS RELATING TO THE TRANSATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE AT THIS EARLY DATE ARE QUITE RARE.
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