5 December 2006
SMITH, John (1580-1631). Virginia. [London, 1625-32].
Engraved map, 328 x 416 mm platemark (344 x 444 mm sheet). (Trimmed touching upper platemark, backed with thin paper repairing a few small holes affecting one or two letters.)
"ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT PRINTED MAPS OF AMERICA EVER PRODUCED AND CERTAINLY OF THE GREATEST INFLUENCE" (Burden)
The present is in state 10, with the page numbers in the upper corners altered to "1690" and "1691." This state was used for both Smith's own The Generall Historie of Virginia, New-England and the Summer Isles and Samuel Purchas's Purchas his Pilgrimes, London, 1625-1632.
"It became the prototype for the area for half a century until Augustine Hermann's map of 1673. First issued separately in London, it accompanied many editions of various publications for another twenty years. It, therefore, was seen widely and inspired much interest in the fledgling Virginia colony, influencing considerably its eventual success. Consequently the east coast of North America became dominated by the English. To this day the map is still used by archaeologists to locate native Indian villages. It records 166 of them, and is remarkably detailed" (Burden 164). Church nos. 359, 401A, 402 and 406; Cumming, Skelton and Quinn pp.256-61 and 280-84; Sabin 66686, 82823-9 amd 82832; Schwartz and Ehrenberg pp.89-93.
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