ST. CLAIR, Arthur (1736-1818). A Narrative of the Manner in Which the Campaign Against the Indians, in the Year One Thousand Seven Hundred and Ninety-One, was conducted, Under the Command of Major General St. Clair, Together with his Observations on the Statements of the Secretary of War and the Quarter Master General, Relative Thereto, and the Reports of the Committees Appointed to Inquire into the Causes of the Failure Thereof: Taken from the Files of the House of Representatives in Congress. Philadelphia: Jane Aitken, 1812.
8o (232 x 147 mm). Half-title, errata leaf. (Some foxing.) Original plain blue boards (front cover detached, paper spine renewed). Provenance: George Izard (1776-1828), army officer and territorial governor of Arkansas (signature "Geo. Izard" on title); Alfred Hennen (signature on pastedown); R.S. Jennings (signature on pastedown); Library of Congress (duplicate stamp on verso of half-title, unobtrusive perforated stamp on title).
GEORGE IZARD'S COPY OF THE FIRST EDITION, FIRST ISSUE, without the two leaves of "Additional Subscribers." In 1791 Major General St. Clair commanded a hastily organized and poorly supplied combined expedition of 1,400 regulars and militia. Some 1,000 Indians counterattacked and routed the Americans on 4 November 1791. The 630 Americans that were killed or captured, in addition to the many wounded, mark the battle as the deadliest ever for U.S. forces fighting Native Americans. Although a congressional committee and President George Washington exonerated St. Clair, he resigned his army commission. The text here provides St. Clair's self-defense of his actions.
A FINE ASSOCIATION COPY: In 1791, the year of the Indian war St. Clair describes, George Izard was attending King's College (now Columbia University) from which he graduated a year later at the age of fifteen. In 1812 when this book was published, he became colonel of the Second Artillery Regiment in anticipation of war with England. After the war, Izard resigned from service, preferring a more secluded life in Philadelphia and cultivating his interests in the American Philosophical Society. He maintained close ties with Monroe, who, as president, appointed him governor of the Arkansas territory on 4 March 1825. His tenure was effective but controversial. Izard was successful in carrying out Indian policy and relocated the Quapaw and Choctaw tribes to reservations without incident. The scholarly governor had less success with his unruly frontier legislature, however, and they passed several resolutions condemning his dictatorial manner toward them. (ANB). American Imprints 26682; Field 1349; Graff 3639; Howes S-24; Jones 757; Sabin 75020; Thomson Ohio 1012.