Dhanada, the Northern Lokapala, is the guardian of the North. A finely cast figure close to the present example, was sold in our New York Rooms, 20 September 2005, lot 146.
For other related guardian figures, see a larger one illustrated by Giter & Li Yin, The Beauty of Ancient Chinese Sculptures, December 1995, p. 82, no. 31 ; see also the large gilt-bronze figure of Dhanada in the Fuller Memorial Collection, Seattle Art Museum, illustrated by H. Munsterberg, Chinese Buddhist Bronzes, Vermont and Tokyo, 1967, pl. 93