STRABO (64/63 B.C. - c. 25 A.D.). De situ orbis, in Greek. Edited by Benedictus Tyrrhenus (15/16th century). Venice: Andreas Torresanus at the Aldine Press, November 1516.
Aldine 2° (308 x 201mm). Collation: [18 26] (1/1r title and woodcut printer's anchor-and-dolphin device, 1/1v blank, 1/2r-2/5v indices, 2/6r errata, 2/6v editor's dedicatory letter to Prince Alberto Pio of Carpi); a-z8 (text in 17 chapters, z8r register and colophon, z8v printer's device). 198 leaves. Types 79 Greek, 90 Greek and 80 Italic cut by Francesco Griffo. 54 lines and headline. Woodcut headpieces, typographical headings and 11-line woodcut initials opening each book PRINTED IN RED, Aldine device on title and final verso. (Occasional very light spotting, small paper fault in a4.) Dutch 17th-century panelled goatskin tooled in gold with roll-tools and stamps, gilt spine, gilt edges (neat repairs at extremities). Provenance: early annotations in Greek (occasionally trimmed).
EDITIO PRINCEPS of one of the earliest and most important scientific treatises of historical geography. Bringing the work of the first systematic geographer, Eratosthenes (3rd century B.C.), up to date, Strabo treats mathematical geography and describes the Mediterranean lands, Egypt and Asia Minor; his knowledge of the British Isles, northernmost Europe and Asia is very limited. The first edition in Latin, translated by Guarino of Verona and Gregorius Tiphernas, was published by Sweynheym and Pannartz (Klebs 935.1). For this first edition in Greek Tyrrhenus and Torresanus had to use a manuscript of little authority, Paris gr. 1395. The publication of Strabo was part of a programme advocated by Marcus Musurus to print texts which he considered in danger of being lost (see N.G. Wilson, From Byzantium to Italy, 1992). Remarkably, Strabo was not known to the Romans, not even to Pliny the Elder. Renouard Alde 77.7; Isaac 12864; Adams S-1903; Hoffmann III, 453.