TAYLOR, Zachary (1784-1850), President. Letter signed ("Z. Taylor") to Senator "J.N. Miller," (J.W. Miller of New Jersey, 1800-1862), "Head Qrs. Army of Occupation, Camp near Monterey" [Mexico], 27 March 1847. 2 pages, 4to, age-toning, otherwise in fine condition.
IN THE WAKE OF VICTORY AT BUENA VISTA: "GENERAL SANTA ANNA HAS LEFT FOR THE CAPITAL"
Since the Battle of Buena Vista on February 22-23 -- in which Taylor's forces, outnumbered four to one, had won a decisive though costly victory -- Taylor had been camped near Monterey. President Polk, he believed, was deliberately keeping him out of the public eye, unable to participate in the war's final campaign against the capital. But the media loudly trumpeted Taylor's victories (Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey and Buena Vista) and Taylor became, almost overnight, a contender for the Presidential election of 1848. A grateful Taylor acknowledges "your letter...accompanying the Joint Resolutions of the Legislature of New Jersey, and must express my thanks for the kind expressions....The Resolutions have been acknowledged in a latter addressed to Govr. Stratton."
"It cannot be other than highly gratifying to receive public & official manifestations of the approbation of the people of a state conveyed through its Legislature, and I...the troops of my command will not fail to appreciate...the action of the Legislature of New Jersey -- a State identified with the...most brilliant scenes of the Revolutionary War. Ever since the date of the revolution, it has been their fortune to give yet another proof of courage and devotion upon the field of Buena Vista..."
"We have advices of another revolution in Mexico, headed it is said by Canalizo, and directed against the elected President, Vice President and Congress. It is known that General Santa Anna has left San Luis Potosi for the Capital, and that a portion of his Army has marched in the same direction, perhaps with the destination of Vera Cruz. While these intestine divisions prevent Mexico from putting forth her strength in defensive War, it is much to be feared that they will greatly incapacitate her for making peace...."
Mexico City surrendered to Winfield Scott's army on 14 September, effectively ending the war. By that date Taylor had already been nominated for President by several local Whig groups; in June he won the national Whig Party's nomination on the 4th ballot.