TEMPORAL LECTIONARY, in Latin, DECORATED MANUSCRIPT ON VELLUM
[southern Germany, first half 16th century]
488 x 350mm. 174 leaves with contemporary red foliation: 1-218, 226, COMPLETE, flourished catchwords on final versos, mostly 32 lines written in black ink in a large gothic bookhand between four verticals and 33 horizontals ruled in brown, justification: 343 x 225mm, rubrics in red, red pointing, phrases below three-line staves ruled in red with square neumes in the margins ff.74-85, text capitals touched yellow, two-line initials alternately in blue and red, large initials with openwork staves in blue and red, five initials with human faces ff.102v-105 (some leaves with contemporary made-up edges, smudging to some leaves, yellow degraded in some initials). Contemporary vellum over bevelled wooden boards (metal attachments and clasps replaced, edges worn, joints restored and splitting).
The lessons for the liturgical year from Advent to the 25th Sunday after Pentecost are clearly presented in this generous volume. The later index inside the upper cover shows that it, and a companion Sanctoral volume, continued in use well beyond 1568, the date of a change noted on f.9. The script suggests an origin in southern Germany.
SANCTORAL CHOIRBOOK for Franciscan Use, in Latin, DECORATED MANUSCRIPT ON PAPER
[Madrid, 17th century]
495 x 365mm. 102 leaves with later leaf inserted between ff.45-46, written in a large rounded bookhand mostly below six four-line staves ruled in red with square neumes, large initials in red or blue, very large initials with staves in combinations of red, blue, green and yellow (tears to margins of a few leaves, some repaired, some lower margins discoloured). Contemporary brown leather stamped in blind over wooden boards, with punched and embossed metal corner pieces, metal centre attachments, paper label with 6 on lower cover (lacking two clasps, some worming, upper cover and spine repaired).
The book comes from a Convent of St Bernadino, the heading on f.1, and the saints celebrated are either Franciscans, notably of the Discalceate or Alcantarine community of Spain, or their Franciscan significance is explained in the index, f.102. Both the feast and the translation of St Peter of Alcantara, the founder, are honoured -- he died in 1562, was beatified in 1622 and canonised in 1669. The latest saint to be commemorated is Pascal Baylon, who died 1592, was beatified 1618 and canonised 1690. The Virgin, patron of the Order, is celebrated and so is St Joseph. The convent is therefore that in Madrid in the province of St Joseph. For other manuscripts associated with the house, see M. de Castros, Manuscritos franciscanos de la Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid, 1973, Mss 1173 and 11137.