London, South Kensington
20 October 2000
TEN RHIJNE, Willem. Dissertatio de arthritide: Mantissa schematica: de acupunctura: et orationes tres, I. De chymiae ac botaniae antiquitate & dignitate: II. De physiognomia: III. De monstris, London: R. Chiswell, 1683. 8°, 6 folding engraved plates (lacks portrait frontispiece, plate III with short tear, plates IV & V with longer tears across images, occasional light spotting, front blank torn with loss), contemporary calf, spine with raised bands (rubbed, a little worn), early annotation to front and rear endpapers. FIRST EDITION. GM 6374.10; Norman 2062; Wellcome IV, p. 517; Wing R1326.
"Ten Rhijne served from 1674-1676 as the resident physician at Deshima, the Dutch East India Company's trading station in Nagasaki Bay. During Japan's two centuries of self-imposed isolation from the West (1641-1858), this trading station remained the sole channel for the exchange of medical and scientific ideas between Europe and Japan. Ten Rhijne's treatise provided the Western world with its first detailed descriptions of Japanese and Chinese medicine, including acupuncture and moxibustion; it also contains the first illustration of acu-points published in the West. Ten Rhijne correctly described fourteen acu-tracts but confused them with blood-vessels, a misidentification that persisted in later Western studies of acupuncture. He also attempted to find a link between Chinese medicine and the Western Galenic-Aristotelian medical tradition by translating "Yang" as 'innate heat' and "Ying" as 'radical moisture'. Ten Rhijne's treatise was published simultaneously in London, the Hague and Leipzig" (Norman).
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