An icon of the same subject was sold at Christie's on 13 December 1995, lot 301 (see image on this page). Although the two panels are fundamentally similar, imperceptible differences might suggest that they were made to address different groups of believers. The wooden titulus of the above icon is inscribed in Greek, contrary to the scroll-like tabula ansata of the present lot that bears the initials of the Latin Iesus Nazarethis Rex Iudaeorum. It makes sense to assume that the first icon was produced for the Greek Orthodox public, whereas the current lot was made for a Western audience. In addition, the cross on the panel offered here bears three nails. It is not clear whether this number refers to the actual relics recovered, or if it implies the three nails customarily used in Western representations of the Crucifix. If the latter was the case, then the idea that this panel was painted for Western believers seems logical.