THEOCRITUS (c.310 - c.250 B.C.). Eclogae triginta, in Greek - Sententiae septem sapientum, in Greek - THEOGNIS. Sententiae elegiacae, in Greek. - PYTHAGORAS (attributed to). Aurea Carmina, in Greek. - HESIOD (c. 7th century B.C.), Theogonia. And other works in Greek. Edited by Aldus Manutius and Franciscus Roscius. Venice: Aldus Manutius, February 1495/96.
Super-chancery 2° (311 x 210mm). Collation: A-D8 E-G6 (A1r title in Greek and Latin, A1v Aldus's dedicatory letter to Battista Guarino, A2r Theocritus's eclogues, G5v Genus Theocriti, G6r De inventione bucolicorum, G6v blank); AA-DD8 EE6 (AA1r Theognis's Sententiae elegiacae, CC5v Sententiae monostichi per Capita ex variis poetis, DD8r Aurea Carmina Pythagorae, EE1v Phocylides' Poema admonitorium, EE5v Carmina Sibyllae erythraeae de Christo Iesu, EE6v Differentia vocis); ZZ10 (ZZ1r Maximus Planudes' translation into Greek hexameters of the Latin Catonis Disticha, ZZ7r Sententiae septem sapient um, ZZ9r De Invidia, ZZ10r register, ZZ10v blank); a-b8 c10 (a1r Hesiod's Theogonia, c2v Hesiod's Scutum Herculis); d-e8 (d1r Hesiod's Opera et dies, e7v register, e8r colophon, e8v list of Hesiodic contents). 140 leaves. Greek type 1:146 (text), roman types 2:114 (title) and 6:83 (letter, colophon, contents). 30 lines. 38 woodcut floral or interlaced headpieces printed from 8 blocks, 40 woodcut Greek initials (20 blocks) including capital E, which reappears in the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili of 1499, and one printed upside down, occasionally with traces of colouring. (Occasional faint spotting, very light marginal dampstain in 2 leaves.) Early 20th-century tan morocco with dark brown morocco on-lays forming a retrospective interlace design, edged with gilt fillet, gilt edges, by Capé. Provenance: Newton Hall, Cambridge (bookplate).
EDITIO PRINCEPS of twelve Theocritean idylls, Theognis, sentences of the Seven Sages, Hesiod's Theogony and Heracles' Shield; FIRST EDITION IN GREEK of Cato's distichs; second edition in Greek of eighteen Theocritean idylls and Hesiod's Works and Days (first published at Milan ca. 1480), also of the Pythagorean golden verses and Phocylides (first published in the Aldine Lascaris; HC 9924). First state, with uncorrected setting of quires F (two outermost sheets) and G. HC *15477; BMC V, 554 (IB. 24402-8); Goff T-144; IGI 9497; Sander 7235; Essling 888; Flodr 80 Theo. 1; Renouard 5.3.