A. Sensier, Rousseau, 1872, p. 105:
"He recommenced his travel in December, stopping at Blois and at Chambord where he made a drawing of architectural exactitude of the chateau; afterwards he painted it as boldly as a son of Rembrandt"
(The drawing referred to above was a watercolor which appeared in the Rousseau Sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, April 28, 1868, no 94.)
M. Schulman, M. Bataillès and V. Sérafino, Théodore Rousseau 1812-1867, Catalogue Raisonné de l'oeuvre graphique, Paris, 1997, p. 63 (illustrated)
The following text about our painting is by Théophile Gautier;
"Several of the pictures of Théodore Rousseau are there, and some of his best. One of these brings to our lips these verses of Victor Hugo:
'And of Chambord in the far back there the hundred turrets',
and indeed, it really is Chambord, with its little bell-turrets and its fairy architecture which rises like a dream between the side scenes of the great trees in its silent solitude. Théodore Rousseau has done nothing more delicate, more glowing, with so spiritual a fancy or so poetic. There is something of Gainsborough and of Old Crome in this warm and fresh color, in this sparkling and vivacious touch. It must have been done in the full tide of romanticism when painting seemed to be happy at having found again the palette lost in the studio of David."
There is a related drawing of the Château de Chambord in the Moreau-Nélaton Archives in the Louvre, Paris.
This painting will be included in volume II of the forthcoming catalogue raisonné on Rousseau by Michel Schulman.