Theodore, son of Hetoum and brother-in -law of Gabriel of Melitene (see lot 127) was in effect duke of Edessa, one of the principle strongholds on the eastern border opposing the Turks. According to the 12th century chronicler Matthew of Edessa, the curopalate T'oros succeeded to a Turkish emirate in about 1094-95. He was in place when Theodore appealed to Baldwin of Boulogne. Baldwin arrived at the head of a small army of knights, and Theodore, lacking an heir, adopted him as his successor. On 9 March 1098 a local revolt, probably fermented by Baldwin, overthrew Theodore.