THOMAS AQUINAS (ca. 1225-1274, Saint). Expositio super libros De generatione et corruptione Aristotelis. Salamanca: Leonardus [Hutz] and Lupus [Sanz], 26 February 1496.
Chancery 2o (306 x 211 mm). Collation: a8 b-h6 i8 (a1r title, a1v blank, a2r text, i6r colophon, i6v errata, i8 blank). 57 leaves (of 58, without final blank). Double column, 50-52 lines plus headline (commentary); text leaded to about 25 lines per page. Type: 1:82G. 5-, 3- and 2-line initial spaces, all but the first with printed guide-letters. Unrubricated. (Small repair in blank center of title-leaf, possibly from deleted mark of ownership, neatly repaired marginal tear to b1, a few small stains.) Olive morocco gilt by Rivière, gilt edges (small scratch to front cover, minor rubbing to board edges); several deckle edges preserved.
Provenance: extensive marginalia and interlinear annotations in a contemporary cursive hand, the errata listed at end corrected in the text or signaled by pointing fingers -- later note in Spanish at end giving the leaf count -- [Maggs catalogue 656, Bibliotheca incunabulorum, 1938, no. 397] -- [Sotheby's New York, 25 November 1980, lot 61, to Lathrop Harper]
Second edition (first edition Pavia 1488), printed at the first named Salamanca press, ONE OF THREE KNOWN COPIES. This is the second book signed by the German Leonard Hutz and Fray Lope Sanz of Navarre, who had first identified themselves a few weeks earlier in the colophon of Gundisalvus de Villadiego, Tractatus contra haereticam pravitatem, dated January 8 1496 (Goff G-729). Hutz had worked with Peter Hagembach in Valencia from 1493 to 1495 before setting up a partnership with the friar, whose name appears in no other context, but who may have been associated with the earlier anonymous Salamancan press or presses (see lot 126). Of the 12 surviving editions printed by the two in partnership all but one were theological texts (the exception being Lucena, Arte de ajedrez, ca. 1496, the first printed work on chess). Haebler noted that the present edition seems to have been prepared in some haste, as testified by the length of the 3-page errata at the end. These consist exclusively of textual corruptions discovered after printing: the reader is advised on the final page to supply his own grammatical or orthographical corrections.
All editions from this press are extremely rare. Only two other copies of this edition are recorded, both in Spain (Madrid, Biblioteca nacional, and Santander, Biblioteca Menéndez Pelayo). Haebler (BI) 638; IBE 5579; Vindel(A) II, 94.