This picture is one of a pair with a Resurrection, signed and dated 1635 (Anon. Sale, Lempertz, Cologne, 14 June 1941, lot 47). In all likelihood, the two pictures were either a pair or a part of a series - it is possible that a Golgotha (Pushkin Museum, Moscow) dated 1637 is part of the same group. Ann Jensen Adams (1985, loc. cit.), records three copies of the present picture: that with Vlaicu Lonescu, Middletown, New Jersey, 1982, on panel (the provenance of which has in the past been confused with that of the present picture); that sold, New York, American Art Association, 4 May 1916, lot 62, as 'Attributed to Rembrandt', on panel; and that in the collection of Göttinger University, 1926, no. 98, on canvas.