TODESCHI, Claudio. Saggi di agricoltura, manifatture, e commercio, coll'applicazione di essi al vantaggio del domino pontificio. Rome: nella stamperia di Arcangelo Casaletti, 1770.
4o (279 x 215 mm). Engraved title vignette, 4 engraved capitals, 4 engraved vignettes. (Title tipped in and with 1-inch section trimmed from bottom margin, presumably as issued.) Contemporary papal binding of mottled calf gilt, sides with elaborate outer roll-tooled border and painted shield cornerpieces, shell and lattice-work tools, central painted and gilt arms of Clement XIV, surmounted by keys and tiara, board edges gilt, spine gilt-panelled, cream silk ribbon marker, white floral embossed broccato d'oro endleaves, edges gilt (paint partially rubbed, some wear along joints and at ends of spine and corners, light offsetting on endleaves). Provenance: POPE CLEMENT XIV (1705-1774, Pope from 1769; binding).
FIRST EDITION, THE DEDICATION COPY ON LARGE-PAPER SPECIALLY BOUND FOR POPE CLEMENT XIV. Todeschi's text is a fitting one for the Pope--an economic survey of the papal states published the year after Clement XIV's ascension. Pope Clement XIV (born Lorenzo Ganganelli) had been involved in papal affairs for years prior to his election as pope in 1769. From Pope Clement XIII, he inherited the hostility of every state in Catholic Europe. "Gallicanism and Jansenism, Febronianism and Rationalism were up in rebellion against the authority of the Roman pontiff; the rulers of France, Spain, Naples, Portugal, Parma were on the side of the sectarians who flattered their dynastic prejudices and, at least in appearance, worked for the strengthening of the temporal power against the spiritual. The new pope would have to face a coalition of moral and political forces which Clement XIII had indeed manfully resisted, but failed to put down, or even materially to check" (Catholic Encyclopedia). Forced into suppressing the Jesuits, which removed the papacy's only independent support, the pope thereby placed the Church at the mercy of the political machinations of secular princes. Although his death was ascribed to long standing medical conditions, the doctors' certificate attibuted it to poison administered by the Jesuits. Kress 6761.