TOLKIEN, J.R.R (1892-1973). The Lord of the Rings, comprising:
The Fellowship of the Ring. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1954. 8°. One folding and one full-page map after Christopher Tolkien, line illustrations after J.R.R. Tolkien, one full-page. (Very light marginal browning, short marginal tear on 27/4.) Original red cloth (upper board slightly bowed), dust-wrapper (slightly discoloured, some adhesive marks, short tears and chips). FIRST EDITION. Hammond and Anderson A5ai; West A20 -- The Two Towers. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1954. 8°. Folding map after Christopher Tolkien. (Very light marginal browning.) Original red cloth, dust-wrapper (slightly discoloured, small adhesive mark on lower panel, a little chipped). FIRST EDITION. Hammond and Anderson A5aii; West A21 (erroneously dated 1955) -- The Return of the King. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1955. 8°. Folding map after Christopher Tolkien. (Very light marginal browning, a few leaves with marginal red-staining from top edge colouring.) Original red cloth, dust-wrapper (slightly discoloured, extremities lightly rubbed, small dampstains). FIRST EDITION, second state, without the signature '4' on p.49. Hammond and Anderson A5aiii; West A22. Provenance: Dr. Robert William Burchfield (1923-2004; ownership inscription on front free endpaper of each volume; invoice of Parker and Son, Oxford, dated 31 July 1954; and by descent).
TOLKIEN, J.R.R. Autograph postcard signed with initials to Robert Burchfield, sending a copy of his 'squib' and discussing the reaction to the The Fellowship of the Ring: 'I am v. pleased that the first third of my large story pleases you, as it has not exactly commended itself to many of my other philological colleagues, some of whom regard it as a regrettable waste of time better spent on other stuff ... Harting of Amsterdam is the only other philologist who seems to have enjoyed himself, and he has made reasonable progress in analysing the small specimens of Elvish provided', Merton College, Oxford, 6 November 1954, 2 pages, oblong 12mo.
FIRST EDITIONS, WITH A POSTCARD FROM TOLKIEN, FROM THE LIBRARY OF R.W. BURCHFIELD. Born in New Zealand, Burchfield studied at Victoria University College, Wellington, before World War II; after the cessation of hostilities (during which he served in the Royal New Zealand Artillery), he returned to Wellington until the award of a Rhodes Scholarship in 1949 brought him to Magdalen College, Oxford, to study English under Tolkien and C.S. Lewis. Following a lectureship at Christ Church (1953-1957), Burchfield was appointed editor of the Supplement to the Oxford English Dictionary -- a task which would occupy him until 1986, when the last of the four volumes finally appeared. Concurrently, he held a series of academic positions at the University, continued to write on language, and was for a period the editorial secretary of the Early English Text Society (on whose behalf he 'gently bullied' Tolkien's edition of Ancrene Wisse out of him, cf. Hammond and Anderson B25); between 1871 and 1984 he was chief editor of the Oxford English Dictionaries. It was in his capacity as editor of the Supplement that he corresponded with Tolkien (who had worked on the Oxford New English Dictionary as an assistant lexicographer between 1918 and 1920) about the origin of the word 'Hobbit'. In a letter of 11 September 1970, Tolkien told him: 'For the moment this is held up, because I am having the matter of the etymology: "Invented by J.R.R. Tolkien": investigated by experts. I knew that the claim was not clear, but I had not troubled to look into it, until faced by the inclusion of hobbit in the Supplement', and he suggested a definition which was (most unusually) adopted verbatim, prefaced by the words 'In the tales of J.R.R. Tolkien (1892-1973)' (J.R.R. Tolkien, Letters, 1981, no.316 and note p.453).
Hammond and Anderson note that The Fellowship of the Ring was published on 29 July 1954 and The Two Towers on 13 November 1954; Burchfield purchased his copies only 2 days after publication. Of the 3,000 copies of the first edition of The Fellowship of the Ring printed, 2,500 were bound before publication by Jerrold and Sons and the remaining 500 bound in September 1954 by Key and Whiting; this copy is in the first binding of the first edition. (4)