TRENT, Council of -- Canones, et decreta sacrosancti oecumenici et generalis Concilii Tridentini, sub Paulo III, Iulio III, et Pio III. Rome: Paulus Manutius, 1564.
8° (161 x 105mm). Aldine device on title, woodcut white-on-black initials. (Stained.)
BINDING: Roman binding c. 1566-70 by the Ruiz Binder for Pope Pius V; gold-tooled red morocco over thin wooden boards lightly bevelled inwards, painted arms of Pius V within stamped cartouche at centre with papal keys above and PIUS.V.P.M. lettered below, 3 double spine bands, compartments with foliate tool, edges gilt and gauffered with knotwork, remains of two fore-edge clasps catching on rear board, 3 flyleaves at front and 7 at back, two with flower in circle watermark (a few small stains, arms lightly rubbed, corners lightly worn, spine foot repaired); modern brown cloth folding case. Hobson/Culot2 18a; Musea Nostra, p. 25.
PROVENANCE: Pope Pius V (binding; '63' written on spine).
Since the Ruiz Binder has been recognised only since 1990 when Hobson reattributed the bindings executed for Jeronimo Ruiz to him as a separate workshop, few bindings for other patrons have been identified. The present binding for Pope Pius V (Michele Ghislieri, 1504-72, Pope from 1566) therefore illuminates a little known aspect of his work. The cartouche, commonly used on Ruiz bindings, also appears on other Pius V bindings (Needham [PML 74.4] cites 3 others), including a 1552 Breviarium (Nixon, PML 46) where a tool very similar to that decorating the spine compartments of the Wittock Canones forms a border. The Morgan binding also has the papal arms painted, not stamped. This group, albeit small, indicates regular work for the Vatican. Cf. Hobson, Apollo and Pegasus, pp. 96-97 and Hobson/Culot2 p. 49.
Paolo Manuzio was entrusted with the task of printing the decrees of the Council of Trent in 1564. Given their importance as a reply to the heresies of Protestantism and a thorough attempt to reform the Church, demand for the text was high, and Manuzio issued numerous editions that year in folio, quarto and octavo format. The present edition is a reprint of the third folio edition, distinguished by having a one-leaf Confirmatio Concilii, an index (the last page of which has 15 lines), a 4-leaf Bull of Confirmation. Renouard, Alde 193-4; cf. Adams C-2801.