TRUMAN, Harry S. Address of the President at the Opening of the Conference on the Japanese Peace Treaty, September 4, 1951. The White House, Washington, D.C.: [Privately printed], Christmas 1951.
Large 8vo (9 3/8 x 6½ in.), , 12pp, original quarter brown morocco and brown paper boards, gilt-embossed Presidential seal on both covers, gilt-lettered spine, uncut.
THE PEACE TREATY WITH JAPAN: COPY NUMBER ONE, INSCRIBED BY TRUMAN TO VICE-PRESIDENT BARKLEY
FIRST EDITION. LIMITED EDITION: NUMBER ONE OF ONLY 60 COPIES, issued as a Christmas Book from the Truman White House, presenting the full text of Truman's speech observing the end of the Allied occupation of Japan. BOLDLY INSCRIBED AND SIGNED by the President on front endpaper: "To Hon Alben W. Barkley, with every good wish for happiness at this season. Harry Truman. Dec. 25. 1951."
In his address, delivered in San Francisco, Truman proclaims that the treaty to be signed "restablishes Japan as a sovereign, independent nation," and "takes account of the peaceful advances the Japanese people have made in recent years"; membership in the new United Nations is a part of the progress, he adds, so that Japan may become "part of the community of nations pledged to outlaw aggression and to support a world order based on justice."
Barkley (1877-1956) rose from extreme poverty in Kentucky and is reputed to have been the last high official of the U.S. to have been born in a log cabin. After studying and practicing law, he served in the House of Representatives, then the Senate, where he became majority leader in 1937 and assisted in the passage of much of Roosevelt's New Deal legislation. Briefly a candidate for President in the Democratic primary in 1952, he later served again in the Senate.