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TURNER, Matthew (d. 1788?). An Account of the extraordinary medicinal fluid, called Aether. [Liverpool]: John Sadler, 1761.
8o (195 x 117 mm). 8 leaves. (First word shaved slightly on title-page, a few minor tears at inner margin of final leaf.) Modern half mottled calf.
Second edition. Turner, a chemist and surgeon, was one of the group of Manchester literary and scientific figures who founded the Warrington Academy. He attended Josiah Wedgwood and afterwards supplied him with various chemicals. Turner is also credited with introducing Joseph Priestley to the subject of chemistry in a series of lectures delivered at Warrington about 1765. "Turner manufactured and dispensed sulfuric ether as a remedy for headache, vertigo, epilepsy, gout and rheumatism, palsy and digestive disorders; for most of these ailments, ether was to be taken orally, but for some, such as headache, Turner also recommended that it be 'snuff[ed] ... up the Nostrils.' With this recommendation of the inhalation of ether for killing pain, Turner has a place in the pre-history of anesthesia" (Norman). Two variant issues of the second edition have been noted; the Norman copy belongs to what is believed to be the earlier issue without place of publication on title; another issue exists with a London imprint giving the name of J. Wilkie as the printer. RARE. Fulton-Stanton, Anesthesia 1.19; Norman 2116.
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