Stamped with crowned monogram 'A' and 'Bibliothèque de San Donato', the embroidered fabric sample once formed part of Prince Anatole N. Demidoff's collection in his library at Villa San Donato to the North of Florence. Born in St. Petersburg and raised in luxury by his mother Baronne Elisabeth Stroganoff, Prince Anatole (1813 - 1870) participated in the construction of the railway system between Florence, Livorno and the northern boundaries and in 1840 was granted the title Prince of San Donato by Leopold II. Avid art collector and bibliophile, Anatole amassed a fine collection of Old Master paintings and his library numbered close to 40,000 books. Anatole, who married Princess Mathilde Bonaparte, showed a deep fondness for the Napoleonic heritage and acquired the former home in exile of Napoleon Bonaparte on the island of Elba from members of the Bonaparte family. He had erected a Museum dedicated to the Emperor in 1859.