Compare with a very similar red-ground canvas decorated with dragons in the Palace Museum Collection, Beijing, illustrated in Zhongguo Wenfang Sibao Quanji, Four Treasures for the Scholar's Studio, Vol. 3, Beijing, 2008, pp. 188-189, no. 180. Four identical canvases were sold at Christie's Hong Kong, 30 November 2011, lots 3214 and 3215.