The form of this pair of Meissen sake-flasks, and their decoration, exactly mirrors that of their forerunners from the Sakaida Kakiemon factory in Arita. For a Japanese example of circa 1690 in the Staatliche Kunstsamlungen Dresden (inv. no. PO 4766), together with its Meissen counterpart from the same museum (inv. no. PE 5016), both with Japanese Palace inventory numbers, see Ulrich Pietsch et al., Triumph of the Blue Swords, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, Exhibition Catalogue, 2010, p. 253, cat. no. 191, where the author notes that 'Japanese pieces were taken from the Japanese Palace to Meissen so that they could be copied for the French merchant Rodolphe Lemaire, who was planning to see Meissen copies in France as Japanese originals'. Count Hoym, the factory director at the time when the scam was discovered was subsequently arrested and the merchant expelled from the country. The type is further discussed by Julia Weber, Meissener Porzellane mit Dekoren nach ostasiatischen Vorbildern, Stiftung Ernst Schneider in Schloss Lustheim, Munich, 2012, Vol. II, pp. 129-136, with cat. nos. 110-112, examples of the same form with different Kakiemon decoration.