TZARA, Tristan (1896-1963). Three autograph letters signed to [Louis Marcoussis], Menton, 26 February and 6 and 15 March 1928, including small drawings of flowers and, in one, a pointing finger beside his signature, 7 pages, 4to; a typed draft heavily corrected in pencil, 1 page, 4to, and autograph notes, 1 page, 8vo; André BRETON (1896-1966). Autograph letter signed to [an editor], Lorient, 25 August 1923, 1½ pages, 4to (slightly browned); Joan MIRÓ (1893-1983). Autograph letter (a fragment, without address or signature) to an unidentified correspondent, n.p., n.d. [early 1932], 2 pages, 4to; and an autograph letter signed 'Victor [Brauner?]' describing a visit to Picasso at Villauris, 1953.
DADAISM AND THE SURREALISTS. Tzara writes amusingly to the illustrator of his most recent work: 'Me voilà planté comme un vieux palmier dans ce pays où les salades poussent sur la tête des femmes et les femmes se promènent avec la fierté des fauteuils Louis XV'. He describes a visit with his wife to the Casino and reports seeing Marcel Duchamp and Brancusi at Nice; if his photograph is required [for his book] those taken by Man Ray could be used. The letters include a number of bitter complaints about his dilatory publisher, Madame Bucher, 'cette vielle carpe', who has not sent his copies of the work to him at Menton. And the latest issue of Nouvelles littéraires also annoys him -- 'Ce dernier article sur Apollinaire est un scandale, le choix des poèmes est stupide et malveillant'. On finally receiving his books he admires the illustrations, 'tes eaux-fortes très belles, dignes et décidées'. One letter includes a postscript by his wife (the Swedish painter Greta Knutson-Tzara).
In the accompanying letters, Breton asks about publicity in the 'Nouvelles littéraires' for two works, Miró writes of his work on the sets and costumes for the Ballets russes in Monte-Carlo, 'sur la scène ces conceptions plastiques et poétiques prennent une agressivité et une violence beaucoup plus grande et sur tout plus directe'.
Tristan Tzara, one of the founders of Dadaism, was the first major Romanian writer and poet to publish in French. He collaborated with André Breton, Philippe Soupault and Louis Aragon, and with the most celebrated artists of his day, including Picasso, Ernst, Miró and Gris. (3)