VITRUVIUS Pollio, Marcus. de Architectura Libri Dece traducti de latino in Vulgare affigurati. Commentary and Italian translation by Cesare Cesariano. Como: Gottardo da Ponte, 15 July 1521.
Super-royal 2° (407 x 274mm). Collation: π8 A-Z8 (N1, P3 missigned M1, O3. Contents: π1r title with woodcut printer's device, π1v privileges, π2-7 index and contents, π8r introduction, π8r preface, A1-Z7r De architectura, Z7r colophon: Impressa nel... Como per Magistro Gotardo da Ponte Citadino Milanese: ne lanno... M.D.XXI. XV. mensis Iulii..., Z7v quire register and woodcut printer's device, Z8r errata and note, Z8v blank). 192 leaves. 77 lines. Roman type, occasional words in Greek. 117 woodcut illustrations (10 full-page, one of the smaller blocks a repeat), 2 woodcut printer's devices, large white on black historiated and floriated woodcut initials, small white on black floriated woodcut initials. (Title and some blank margins lightly soiled or stained, final leaf laid down, small tear to lower blank margin of Y1, light damage to surface of illustrations on N3v and O1r). Old calf (neatly rebacked and cornered, inner hinges repaired). Provenance: A.B.W. (18th-century? ownership stamp on title).
ONE OF THE MASTERPIECES OF RENAISSANCE BOOK ILLUSTRATION. FIRST CESARIANO EDITION, THE FIRST PRINTING OF VITRUVIUS IN ITALIAN and the first into any vernacular language, with 'tuta lopera' heading on final leaf. Cesare di Lorenzo Caesarino (1483-1543) took no further part in the commentary after chapter 6, book IX due to an argument with the publishers, Agostino Gallo and Aloisio Pirovano. The translation was completed by Benedetto Giovio and Bono Mauro (the note on Z8r states that Cesariano left the work uncorrected and that it was completed by Giovio and Mauro). The designs for the plates are believed to be by a pupil of Leonardo and many of the blocks were cut by Cesariano. The three plates showing plans and elevations of Milan cathedral are apparently the first measured representation of Gothic architecture in a printed book. Adams V-914; Berlin Kat. 1802; Sander 7696; Fowler 395; Cicognara 698; Mortimer, Harvard Italian 544.