6 December 2004
VIVES, Joannes Ludovicus (1492-1540). De anima et vita libri tres. Basel: Robert Winter, 1538.
4o (208 x 138 mm). Printer's device on last leaf. Bound in a CONTEMPORARY BRESLAU roll tooled dark calf binding by "H.B." with a blind roll tool of the coat-of-arms of Breslau: W 1540, Lion H.B., Eagle and St. Adalbert, enclosing a blind roll of medallion heads, three narrow horizontal panels lettered "Joan Ludovi Vivis De Aiae Vita 1546," remnants of clasps, spine in three compartments (lacks catches, some minor rubbing). Provenance: S.W. Jörchling (? contemporary ownership inscription on title).
THE VERY RARE FIRST EDITION OF VIVES'S MOST IMPORTANT PSYCHOLOGICAL WORK, IN A CONTEMPORARY BINDING WITH THE INDEX (only present in approximately half of the known copies).
A friend of Erasmus and Thomas More, Vives has been called "the father of modern empirical psychology..." (Zilboorg & Henry). "Vives anticipated Bacon and Descartes in devoloping an empirical psychology in which the mind was to be studied both through introspection and observation of others. From his exhaustive analysis of memory he developed a theory of association of ideas, which recognized the emotional origin of certain associations, as well as the link between associations, emotions and memory. He was also the first to describe the physiological effects of fear" (Garrison-Morton). Vives maintained that the essence of the human mind was indescribable but could be known through the mind's actions. Adams V-939; Garrison-Morton 4963.2; BM/STC German p. 898; Norman 2159; Zilboorg & Henry, pp. 180-195; Haebler, Rollen und Plattenstempel, p. 40 nos. 3.
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