WAGHENAER, Lucas Jansszoon (1534-1598). Speculum nauticum super navigatione maris occidentalis confectum, continens omnes oras maritimas Galliae, Hispaniae & praecipuarum partium Angliae, in diversis mappis maritimis comprehensum.... Leyden: Franciscus Raphelengius for Lucas Jansenius Aurigarius, 1586.
2 parts in one, 2o (404 x 280 mm). Pp. , bifolia 2-22; pp. , bifolia xxiii; pp. 36, bifolium 1. Engraved title, second title within woodcut border, 2 full-page engravings [one with zodiacal volvelle and overlying scale], one full-page woodcut in text and 45 double-page engraved charts by Joannes van Deutecum with Latin letterpress on verso. 36 page text from the first part and first map of Europe bound at end of the second part. (Lacking 3 preliminary leaves [dedication and prefaces], repairs at gutter margins of final two gatherings with some loss of letters, pale dampstaining at bottom of sheets, some pale browning and soiling along central folds.) Contemporary limp vellum, manuscript title along spine (worn and with some repairs); blue cloth folding case. Provenance: indecipherable ownership signature at foot of first title; with H.P. Kraus.
FIRST LATIN EDITION OF THE EARLIEST PRINTED MARITIME ATLAS, after its first appearance in Dutch in 1584-85. The great demand for Waghenaer's charts necessitated the translation of the work and publication of foreign pilots. The first of these was this Latin edition, translated by Martin Everaerts of Bruges. English, German and French editions soon followed. The excellence of this atlas was such that all other published charts of the coasts of Europe were based on it for at least a century, and all such later collections of sea charts were called after the author wagheners or waggoners or (in French) chartiers.
This copy is complete save for three preliminary leaves of dedications and prefaces, which are often lacking and are of no cartographical importance. The plates are in Koeman's state b, with numeration. All editions of Waghenaer's atlas are very scarce. Phillips 3980 (also lacking the 3 preliminary leaves); Koeman IV, Wag 5A-B (variant imprints); BM XIV 938 (variant imprint).