18 December 2003
[WESTERN MINING]. [FREMONT, John Charles (1813-1890)]. Articles of Association of the Philadelphia Mining Company, Together with the By-Laws, Lease, Map, &c. Philadelphia: John C. Clark, 1852.
8o. 20pp. Large folding lithographed map of the holdings at Mariposa, with lithographed vignette, by A. Kollner. Original green printed wrappers; cloth portfolio.
These by-laws are typical of many companies organized in the East to mine in California. "This company publication includes the terms of a lease from John C. Fremont, a letter from him to the company dated November 10, 1851, and a report of the enterprise's condition and prospects" (Kurutz). The articles stipulate that "the subscribers hereto, having acquired a lease of Six Hundred feet square of land, granted by John Charles Fremont, upon which there is a large quartz vein of gold, situate upon the river Mariposas... and which is deemed to be of great value--the title to which property the subscribers have conveyed to the Trustees of this Company, in trust for the stockholders--offer an opportunity to others to participate in the advantages and profits of said property..." The association formed for this purpose was named the Philadelphia and California Mining Company. Cowan II, p.482; Kurutz 502.
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