[WILSON, Woodrow]. Conditions de Paix. Conditions of Peace. N.p., .
2o (13 5/8 x 8 7/8 in.). Parallel text in French and English. 4 large folding lithographic maps (some creasing). Original printed wrappers, uncut and unopened, wrappers slightly loose, with additional printed sheet reproducing title, both with inkstamps "Secret" and "American Commission to Negotiate Peace. Office of Mr. Grew. 8-Mai 1919"; quarter morocco slipcase.
THE END OF WORLD WAR I: ONE OF A HANDFUL OF PRINTED COPIES OF THE VERSAILLES TREATY GIVEN TO THE DELEGATES OF THE SIGNATORY NATIONS
SIGNED ON THE FRONT FLY LEAF BY THE CONFERENCE'S "BIG FOUR": U.S. President WOODROW WILSON, British Prime Minister DAVID LLOYD GEORGE, Italian Premier VITTORIO ORLANDO and French President GEORGES CLEMENCEAU. The Treaty of Versailles placed full blame for the war on Germany, stripping it of all colonial possessions and awarding a number of its territories to France, Czechoslovakia, Belgium and Poland. The details of these geographic divisions are outlined in the accompanying maps. The treaty also provided for the establishment of the League of Nations.
While promoting the treaty vialiantly, on a nationwide speaking tour, Wilson suffered a stroke from which he never fully recovered. His inability to rally the needed support prevented ratification in the Senate, and the U.S. never joined the League. "It could be argued that in one sense the Versailles Treaty represented Wilson's failure to reintegrate Germany into a new European order in a manner satisfactory to those postwar German leaders who most completely adhered to Wilsonian values. Actually, the Treaty had an effect which was the obverse of reintegration, in that it further discredited the German liberal-nationalist center in the eyes of its domestic opponents on the Right and Left" (N. Gordon Levin, Jr., Woodrow Wilson and World Politics, London, 1968, p.155). The stamp on the cover is that of Joseph Grew, Secretary-General of the American Peace Commission. VERY RARE: only two copies have been offerred at auction in the past 25 years, the last a copy signed by 15 delegates (sold Sotheby's New York, 7 November 1994, lot 147 for $16,000).